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Synagogue in Sardis


The ruins of the synagogue were discovered in 1962. Archeologists believe that the building was constructed by merging three small rooms lining the paelaestra around the late 1st century or early 2nd century AD. The Jewish community did not occupy a space within it until the late 3rd or early 4th century B.C.. The origins of the Jewish community at Sardis belong to the 3rd century BC, when the Seleucid King Antiochus III encouraged Jews from Babylonia and other countries to settle in the city. The synagogue was used until 616 AD, at which time it was destroyed and the Jewish population completely left Sardis due to an invasion by the Sassanian Persians.